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Sagittarius serpentarius Sekretär.JPG
Sagittarius serpentarius
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Accipitriformes
Family: Sagittariidae
Finsch & Hartlaub, 1870[1][2]

Sagittariidae is a family of raptor with one living species—the secretarybird (Sagittarius serpentarius) native to Africa.

German naturalists Otto Finsch and Gustav Hartlaub established the taxon name as a subfamily—Sagittariinae—in 1870. Although their term postdated Gypogeranidae of Vigors (1825) and Serpentariidae of Selys Longchamps (1842), the genus name Sagittarius (described in 1783) had priority over Gypogeranus Illiger, 1811 and Serpentarius Cuvier, 1798.

A genus Pelargopappus is known from Miocene deposits in France. The genus Amanuensis is known from Miocene deposits in Africa.[3][4]


  1. ^ Finsch, Otto; Hartlaub, Gustav (1870). Die Vogel Ost-Africas: Baron Carl Claus von Deer Decken's Reisen in Ost-Africa (in German). Leipzig: C. F. Winter. p. 93.
  2. ^ Bock, Walter J. (1994). History and Nomenclature of Avian Family-Group Names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. Vol. Number 222. New York: American Museum of Natural History. pp. 112, 133. 236. hdl:2246/830.
  3. ^ Mayr, Gerald (2016). Avian Evolution: The Fossil Record of Birds and its Paleobiological Significance. John Wiley & Sons. p. 201. ISBN 9781119020769.
  4. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (2003). "Birds (Aves) from the Middle Miocene of Arrisdrift (Namibia). Preliminary study with description of two new genera: Amanuensis (Accipitriformes, Sagittariidae) and Namibiavis (Gruiformes, Idiornithidae)". In Martin Pickford; Brigitte Senut (eds.). Geology and palaeobiology of the Central and Southern Namib. Vol. 2: Paleontology of the Orange River Valley. Geological Survey of Namibia, Memoir 19. pp. 103–113.